Population survey of Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) in Kaeng Krachan national park, Thailand
By Thammanoon Temchai, Chumpol Kaewkate, Damrongsak Hengswang, Mayuree Saengswang, Petcharat Deekaew, Swangpong Vanmanee, Natthanan Jitra, Piyathida Thongsuk, Talok Thongkerd, Sukwinai Khamkran, Wasan Putthes, Panthipa Jaikaew, Naparat Wanasuth, Parichart Sinswat, Chanui Buasri, Natchanon Pula and Apichart Puttes, Puthaporn Saengkham
Department of National Parks, Wildlife and Plant Conservation
ABSTRACT: The objectives of this study are to evaluate population and spatial distribution of Asian elephants in Kaeng Krachan national park by surveying towards the midpoint of grid 2.5 x 2.5 square kilometers 457 grids and to evaluate the maximum population in each group which is segregated. Furthermore, and evaluate the current habitat and potential areas for habitat of Asian elephants by using Maximum Entropy (MaxEnt) distribution model.
The results of survey of Asian elephant population in Kaeng Krachan national park in 2018 would be approximately 212-230. Distribution of Asian elephants in the middle area and down to the lower area is divided into 7 subgroups, with 2 large groups. Asian elephants which are living in the border area and have crossed the boundary of 7 channels. Also found that the suitable area for Asian elephants is 1,079.99 square kilometers while the current Asian elephants live only 59 percent of the area.
Keywords: Elephant, Kaeng Krachan national park, MaxEnt